I．．．．has both advantages and
1．Obviously television has both advantages and disadvantages．
2．Living in a city has both advantages and disadvantages．
3．Com pared with cars，bikes have their advantages and disadvantages．
1．Although computers bring people a lot of convenience，they have many
2．．．．has many advantages．For example，．．．However，just as every
coin has two sides，．．．has its
disadvantages．（本例将利弊离开讲，转折过渡自然。just as every coin has two sides也很值得背诵。）
II．．．．play（s）an important role ／part
1．Computers play an important role in science and technology．
2．Computers play a more and more important role in our life．
Computers play an increasingly important role in our studies．
3．Education plays an important part in developing our mind．
4．Addiction to alcohol and drugs play a role in homelessness．
1．Advertisement plays an informative role in our daily life．
2．In the past，letters played a decisive role in long-distance
communication．But now ，telephone，email，fax have taken their place．
III．With the development of．．．，随着……的发展，例如：
1．With the developm ent of our econo- m y，m any Chinese fam ilies can
afford a car．
2．With the development of our economy and society，pollution is more
and more serious．
3．With the rapid development of science and technology，people can get
a college degree by taking online-courses at home．
4．With the current social and technological developments，employees
with more knowledge and higher academic degrees are needed．
1．With the rapid increase of China's population，housing problem is
becoming more and more serious．
2．With more and more women entering society，people's attitude towards
women is changing．
3．With the deepening of Chinese reform and opening up，an increasing
number of Chinese
families can afford a car．
随着中国改造开放的深刻，越来越多的中国度庭买得起车了。（“越来越多”除了常用的more and more外，还可以用an increasing number of， a growing number of，a significant number of，a great number of等来表达。）
IV．When it comes to．．．，some people think ／believe
that．．．，others argue ／claim that opposite ／reverse is true．There is probably
some truth in both arguments
本构造先用when it comes to ．．．引出话题，再用some．．．others
．．．这个对峙的构造引出了两种相反的观点，然后说There is some truth in
TV，a good thing or bad thing
When it comes to TV，some people believe that it is extremely valuable，as it provides relaxation， entertainment and education． Others argue that it is harmful for it begins to control our lives and deprives people of time to do other activities．There is probably some truth in both sides．But we must realize that television itself is neither good or bad．It is the uses to which it is put that determines its value to society．
英语议论文多以扼要总结全文或对所讨论的问题提出解决措施来结尾。总结全文时除常用到in one ／a word，generally speaking等外，没有固定模式。提出解决措施时却常应用下一句型。
V．．．．take measures to do sth．例如：
1．We should take measures to control pollution in order to save the
2．We'd better take effective measures to prevent students from
cheating on exams．
3．The government decided to take strong measures against drug abuse．
4．Urgent measures should be taken to prevent terrorists from carrying
out further attacks．
“引言”段落中的常用句型：1．…is a very popular topic which is much talked about not only by …but also by …家庭人口多好还是家庭人口少好是一个非常通俗的主题，不仅是城里人，而且农民都经常谈论这个问题。Weahter a large family is a good thing or not is a very popular topic which is often talked about not only by city residents but by farners as well.2.There is no denying the fact that…无可否定，空气污染是一个极其严重的问题：城市当局应当采用有力办法来解决它。There is no denying the fact that air pollution is an extemerely serious problem: the city authorities should take strong measures to deal with it.
3.As is known to all,…众所周知，假冒伪劣商品侵害了花费者的好处。As is known to all, fake and inferior commodities harm the interests of consumers.(=do a lot of harm to the interests of comsumers)4.More and more people are realizing the importance of …现在越来越多的人认识到法制教导的主要性。为了保护社会治安，我们每人都应当接收法制教导。Tody an increasing number of people have realized that law education is of great importance .In order to keep law and order, very one of us is supposed to get(=receive)a law education.5.From what I have mentioned above we can see clearly that…从上面我所提到的，我们可以明白地看到，电视暴力对青少年的影响是极其深远的。From what I have mentoned above,we can see clearly that violence on TV has (a) great influence on young adults’ behaviour.(或 teenagers’ behavior 或 youngsters’ behavior)
“正文”段落中常用的句型：1．There are some good reasons for…(剖析原因)two possible国民生涯状态的改良原因有两点。首先，我们一直在贯彻履行改造开放政策。其次，公民经济正在敏捷发展，而且诞生率已经得到把持。There are two reasons for the improvement in people’s living conditions. In the first place, we have been carrying out the reform and opening-up policy. Secondly,there has been a rapid expansion of our national economy .Further-more, the birth rate has been put under control.
2.My suggestions to deal with the problem are as follows. In the first place,… Secondly,…Finally… solvetacklerelieve （提出建议）我对解决这个问题的建议如下。首先，迫在眉睫的是树立自然维护区。其次，有些濒临灭绝的珍稀野活泼物应当收捕、人工豢养并滋生。最后，对于捕猎珍稀野活泼物的人必需严惩。My suggestions to deal with the problem are as follows .To begin with, it is urgent to create nature reserves. Secondly, certain rare wild animals that are going to be extinct should be collected, fed and reproduced artificially. Finally ,those who hunter them must be punished severely.
3.Different people have different opinions on this question. Some people believe that … Others problem.matter.argue that… Still others assert that…（阐述不同见解）人们对失败持有不同的态度。面对失败，有人能够经得起考验，从失败中吸取教训，并尽力去完成他们下定决心要做的事情。然而，另一些人却损失信念并撤退了。People differ in their attitudes towards failure.Faced with it ,some of them can stand up to it .draw useful lessons from it and try hard to fulfii what they are determined to do. Others, however, lose heart and give in.
4.It is important (nessary, urgent, difficult, easy, expensive, desirable, abvisable, convenient, comfortable)for sb. to do sth. （发表看法）人们盼望树立更多的医院、购物中心、娱乐中心、电影院和其他公用设施来满足国民日益增加的需求。It is desirable to build more hospitals,shopping centres,recreation centres,cinemas and other public facilities to meet the growing needs of people.
5.As a popular saying goes “Everything has two sides.” (剖析利弊)常言道：“事物总是一分为二的”。如今人们从科技发现中得到越来越多的利益。另一方面，科技提高也给我们带来了许多麻烦。现在许多国度的国民饱尝公害之苦。As a popular saying goes, “Everything has two sides.” Now people (the public)are benefiting more and more from scientific and technological inventions. On the other hand,the progress of science and technology is bringing us a lot of trouble. People in many countries are srffering from public hazards.
6.For example, … （举例论述）For instance, …Let’s take …for example.就拿汽车为例。汽车不仅污染城市空气，而且使城市拥挤不堪。此外，汽车造成许多交通事故。汽车所发生的噪音使居住在街道两旁的居民日夜不得安定。Les’s take cars for example. They not only pollute the air in cities, but make them crowed. Furthermore, they cause a lot of traffic accidents. (…, they are responsible for a lot of traffic accidents.) The noise made by cars disturbs the residents living on both sides of streets all day and night.
7.It is generally believed that …accepted （引证观点）thoughtheld广泛以为，在发达国度人口增加的重要原因与其说是诞生率的上升，还不如说是由于医疗保健的改良的使逝世亡率降落了。It is generally believed (=thought) that the chief reason for the increase in population in developed coutries is not so much the rise in birth rates as the decline in death rates as a result of the improvement in medical care.
8. …causes (produces, brings about, leads to, results in …)（因果关系）毫无疑问，需求的增加导致了价钱的上涨。There is no doubt that the increase in demand causes(results in/leads to) the rise in prices.
1. It must be pointed out that it is one of our basic State policies to control population growth while raising the quality of the population.
2. It is (has been) estimated that the world's population could reach 6 billion by the end of the century.
3. It must be kept in mind that there is no secret of success but hard work.
4. It can be seen from this that there is no difficulty in the world we can overcome.
5. As is known man is the product of labour.
6. It is a common saying that man who has a settled purpose will surely succeed.
7. It is clear that the enemy has no desire for peace.
8. It is hard to imagine how Edison managed to work twenty hours each day.
9. It's hard to say whether the plan is practicable.
10. There is no doubt that you will be helped by others if you have any difficulties.
11. It seems certain that they have made a series of experiments.
12. It is said that bats have been using radar for millions of years.
13. To tell the truth , many mistakes we made could have been avoided.
14. As we know, it was not until recently that the problem was solved.
15. It must be admitted that you haven't done what you promised to do.
16. In my opinion, this computer is different from that one you saw.
17. It is certain that we have a long way to go.
18. All this shows that nothing can prevent us from reaching our aims.
19. As far as we know, it took him more than a year to write the book.
20. It has been proved that every substance, no matter what it is, is made up of atoms.
21. It has been decided that we are going to build a railway whose base must be completed within this year.
22. It is obvious (evident) that the success of the innovation depends on our concerted efforts.
23. To be frank, whether you like it or not, you have no other choice.
24. It is natural that one may have trouble expressing complicated ideas in simple English.
25. What is more important, the agreement they have negotiated is being carried out.
26. We will be successful as long as we persevere.
27. Frankly speaking, what you call the truth may not apply to things happening here.
28. It is true that we must redouble our efforts; otherwise we cannot catch up with the developed countries.
29. I take it for granted that they will support this idea.
I regard it as natural that they will agree to this idea.
30. In a certain sense, a successful scientist is a person who is never satisfied with what he has achieved.
31. The oceans do not so much divide the world as unite it.
32. There is no denying the fact that the new management method has greatly increased the production.
33. There is no denying the fact that the new management method has greatly increased the production.
34. Upon hearing the unexpected news, he was so surprised that he couldn't utter a word.
35. As the saying goes, nothing in the world is difficult for one who sets his mind to it.
36. Our goal must be attained. Our goal can unquestionably be attained.
37. Noting can prevent us from realizing the four modernizations.
38. Now in China, more and more families can afford to buy high-grade goods, such as washing machines, TV sets, videocorders.
39. No matter how difficult English may be, you should do your best to learn it.
40. It can be said that without knowledge of science and technology, it is impossible to build socialist modernizations.
A. Title:What Will Happen If China Enters WTO?
B. Word Limit: about 200 words
C. Your composition should be based on
the Outline given in Chinese below:
2. a. 参加世贸组织，国度和国民都将大大受益； b. 参加世贸组织，也会带来一些不利影响，如国有企业将面临更大的挑衅。
例文： What Will Happen If China Enters WTO?
Every Chinese is looking forward to China's entry into WTO, widely seen as a blessing and a promise of prosperity. It seems to be so at first sight, however, on reflection, we're convinced that it's just another coin with two sides.
On the one hand, both the nation and people will benefit greatly from China's entry into WTO. Shut out of WTO, China used to be deprived of equal trade opportunities and was placed at a distinct disadvantage in world trade. This situation will change if China enters WTO. In addition, foreign companies will stream into China and offer great job opportunities, which, in a sense, will relieve the unemployment problem.
On the other hand, the entry will impose some negative effects on China. State-owned enterprises in China are undergoing great difficulties, which will be more acute with the flow of foreign competitors into China.
In short, excited about the advantages caused by the entry, we should not lose sight of the severe challenges posed by it.
A. Title: Fast Food
B. Word Limit: about 200 words
C. Your composition should be based on the Outline given in Chinese blew:
2. a. 快餐受欢迎有两条原因： b. 然而，从养分角度来讲，快餐却差能人意。
例文： Fast Food
Fast food is becoming more popular in China, especially among children and teenagers. Today, it's certainly difficult to think of any other single thing that represents the fast pace of modern society as powerfully as fast food.
There are several reasons for its popularity. First, it is very convenient and saves a lot of time. The trends of modern society seem to all point to one ultimate goal —— saving time, and fast food well serves this purpose. You just go into a fast food restaurant, order your food, and your food is ready in no time. You can either eat it there or take it away. Second, its popularity is also attributed to the clean and comfortable environment of fast food restaurants, the excellent service, and the guaranteed quality of food.
However, in terms of nutrition, fast food is far from satisfactory. It usually does not compose a balanced diet and is low in nutritional value. Thus, doctors suggest that people, especially children, eat fast food as little as possible. Although cooking at home is time — consuming and the following washing-up tiresome, it offers healthy and delicious meals your body likes and needs. Fast food is only a good choice when you are in a hurry and turn to it once in a while.
A. Write an essay that conveys the information in the following cartoon accoMPAnied by your comments.
B. Word Limit: about 200 words
C. Your essay should be written clearly on ANSWER SHEET 2
例文： Preserving Natural Resources
Through the changes in the ways of making a living in a family over several generations, the cartoon aims at sounding a warning against man's wasteful use of natural resources and emphasizing the urgent need to preserve these resources.
Ever since man appeared on the earth, man's survival has been heavily relied on nature. Almost everything we use in our everyday life comes from nature, ranging from the food we eat, the water we drink, to the wood which is turned into furiture. With the development of technology and population growth, the amount and range of materials used has increased at an alarming rate. However, natural resources are not inexhaustible. Some reserves are already on the brink of exhaustion and there is no hope of replacing them. The widespread water shortage is an example in point. If man continued to squander natural resources with no thought for the future, the later generations would end up selling sand, as is the case in the cartoon, and the whole world would be in a mess.
Time is running out. It is up to us to take effective measures before the situation gets out of hand.
A. Title:Globle Shortage of Fresh Water
B. Word Limit: about 200 words
C. Your composition should
be based on the Outline given in Chinese below:
例文： Global Shortage of Fresh Water
People often think that water will never be used up. There is plenty of water, such as rain, water from the rivers and wells. It seems as if water is always available around us and we never have to worry about water shortage.
In fact water is rather limited on the earth. With the rapid increase of population and fast development of industries, water is more needed than before. At the same time, a large amount of water has been polluted and wasted every day. Some big cities in China are facing the problem of water shorage already. There, water supply is controlled and industry has been restrained.
What should we do about the water shorage? I think, first, the people should be made aware of the real situation about the water. Everyone should consciously save on water and certain law should be made that no water will be polluted. We have to protect the existing water resources and develop new ones. In this way I believe that our cities will not be thirsty for water in the future.
请按标题: Advantages of Five-Day week（5天工作日的长处）写出大约200个字的短文，并包含下列内容：
例文： Advantages of Five-Day week
A five-day week has been put into practice in China, which is welcomed by every-one. It is obvious that a five-day week has brought about many advantages to the society and people. First, families have benefited from it very much. They have more time to spend together or go for an outing during the weekend. Children are able to learn usefully skills, women have enough time to take care of the house, go shopping or relax.
Second, society has also benefited from it.
As people have two days off, they would like to go shopping or travelling, which can promote the commerce and tourism. Then the shops and travel agency will have more customers. Third, individuals have also enjoyed the benefit from the five-day week, because they have more time for whatever they are interested in during the weekend. For example, one likes stamp collection, he will have enough time to enjoy it. What's more, individuals can make full use of a weekend for a good rest. Adequate rest will enable him to work more efficiently.
In a word, a five-day week is beneficial to the society, families and individuals.
A. Study the following paragraph carefully and write a letter of about 200 words.
B. Your name is Li Jin, a student of the Department of Applied Physics, Tsinghua University. You hope to further your study in Boston University (Massachusetts, USA) upon your graduation next year. Now you are writing to the office of graduate admissions to ask for the Application Form and other relative materials. The following points should also be covered by letter:
1. your personal information
2. the reason why you choose Boston University
3. a brief study plan
C. Your essay must be written clearly on the ANSWER SHEET 2.
例文： Department of Applied Physics Tsinghua University Beijing, China Sept. 11th, 1999 Office of Graduate Admissions Boston University Massachusetts, USA Dear Sir or Madam,
I am writing in the hope that I may obtain an opportunity to further my study in Applied Physics toward master degree in your university.
My name is Li Jin, an undergraduate student of the Department of Applied Physics, Tsinghua University(China). Next year in the summer, I will graduate and get my BS degree. I plan to continue my study and research in this field under the instructions of first-class professors and in a dynamic academic atmosphere. I chose Boston University because there are a congenial team of researchers, an array of databases and research projects in your School of Physics. I believe my interests are extremely congruent with the strengths of the School. And my solid academic background will meet your general entrance requirements for graduate study.
I will appreciate it very much if you could send me the Graduate Application Forms, the Application Form for Scholarships/Assistantships, a detailed introduction to the School of Physics, and other relevant information. My mailing address is shown on the top of this letter.
I am looking forward to hearing from you soon. Sincerely yours, Li Jin
A. Cars play an important role in modern society. But they are also responsible for a good part of air pollution in big cities. Write an essay of about 200 words on car and air pollution.
B. Your essay must be written neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2.
C. Your essay should cover the following points:
1. the serious problem of air pollution caused by cars;
2. your suggestions on how to deal with the problem.
例文： Cars and Air Pollution
Too many cars have created a lot of serious problems in our world. Besides congestion, accidents and fast fuel consumption,cars are responsible for a good part of air pollution in big cities. All the time, they are pumping huge amounts of waste gases into the atmosphere. These gases are very harmful, causing disease and even death. Last winter, car fumes formed heavy smog over Beijing, making the sky gloomy for weeks and deteriorating people's health.
One possible solution is to design and develop clean cars and clean fuels. In Tsinghua University, campus buses are driven by electricity. In Beijing some of the public buses begin to run on natural gas, which does not give off as much carbon dioxide as the petrol. But it may take decades for the new models of clean cars to completely replace the traditional ones.
Another solution is to develop modern public transportation systems and restrict the use of private cars. If the price of petrol rises constantly and the public vehicles are efficient and convenient enough, most people will not private cars. And the total number of cars in big cities will reduce greatly. On the whole, the elimination of air pollution needs the co-efforts from the government, the public and the environments. This problem will be solved only with the help of science and technology.
A. Write a letter to your local English-language newpaper giving your view on a discussion that has arisen as a result of an article they published entitled "Why Do We Need English?"
B. Your letter must be written of about 200 words, excluding the addresses, etc. No.47, Haidian Road Haidian District Beijing, 100086 August 18,1999 The Editor Local English Daily Wuhua Building Beijing, 100781 Dear Sir:
I have been following with great interest the discussion inspired by Mr Wang Li's article "Why Do We Need English?" published in the Local English Daily of 20th May, 1999.
The one aspect of the English language that most of your correspondents seem to be unaware of is its widespread use as the international language of diplomacy, commerce and technology. It is the language of the United Nations and its agencies as well as of many other international bodies. We would be foolish to confine our vision to our national borders only. We are still, after all, dependent on other countries for technical and industrial assistance. How can we hope to be economically and technologically independent if we are not able to communicate in these areas outside our own country?
English must be taught in all our schools, not only for the above reasons but also so that our students can go abroad to learn the techniques our nation so urgently needs. We also need representatives who can command respect at the international conference tables of the world. And if English is the common language of communications for world diplomacy, economics and defense, then let us be as fluent and proficient in it as possible, for the sake of our own country's advancement and prestige. Yours sincerely, Li Xiaohua
A. Title: A Matter of Approach
B. Word Limit: about 200 words
C. Your composition should be based on the OUTLINE below and should start with the given opening sentence: "Two sencondary school teahers I remember show how different people can be though engaged in the same profession."
D. Your composition must be written neatly on the ANSWER SHEET 2.
1. Two secondary school teahers I remember
2. The differences between the two teahers in classroom attitudes
3. Their attitudes to their students
4. Their methods of teaching
例文： A Matter of Approach
Two secondary school teahers I remember show how different people can be though engaged in the same profession.
Mrs Wang, my philosophy teacher, sent us to sleep less than ten minutes when she started talking in class. When a head nodded, she would point at the dozing student and made threatening remarks. She said that she was bored teaching us. Some students in her eyes had no desire to learn. But the other teacher Mr Li always had bright eyes in a smiling face and encouraging words which showed that he loved Chinese history he was teaching and wanted us to love it too.
When it came to their attitudes to their students, they were different too. After Mrs Wang finished her day's lessens she felt that she had finished her job. Once when I asked her a question outside class about a term, she continued with preparation to leave and said that I could bring my question to class next week. Before I knew it she had put her keys into her handbag and walked out of the door. In the history class, however, a question even after the bell would still be given attention to by Mr Li. He would rush to the board in a last minute attempt to clear up. Often he was seen with a number of students standing outside the classroom, discussing the day's assignment.
Their methods of teaching were not like as well. Mrs Wang stuck to the textbook and trained us how to memorize minute facts. However Mr Li brought in films, maps, slides, tapes, anything that would help us learn. Once the whole class went to see the 'film Lin Zexu' in order to better understand the history of the Optium War from 1840 to 1842. Owing to these contrasts, I do not think I can forget either of my past teachers.
Provide a Better Life for Senior Citizens
Now we have a growing population of senior citizens. To ensure happy lives for them has become a focus of attention. Our traditional respect of the aged needs updating. They deserve respect, understanding, companion, entertainment and so on.
There are many things to be done to honor senior citizens. In cities, senior citizens should enjoy some privileges, such as special seats on buses, reduced fares for entertainment and traveling, and other benefits. We should do everything to solve their practical problems, to warm their hearts, and to make them happy. In addition, we should find some ways to provide affordable medical health care, which is of vital importance to them. Besides, there should be recreation halls and care- centers for the aged. Most important of all, the state should ensure a decent pension for them, peasants in particular. In the vast countryside, most aged people are financially supported by their sons, whose life is a perpetual struggle against poverty. What can they do if they are childless?
Senior citizens, parents in particular, need our love and deserve the best care. Respecting senior citizens bears vital importance to the family - planning policy in China. If we do our best to honor ourparents and the aged, our children will follow our example.
How to Organize a Picnic
A picnic is a pleasure trip in which food is taken to be eaten somewhere outdoors. It can either inelude or exclude barbecue. It can be on the beach, on the river bank or even in the woods. No matter where it takes place, it brings great joy.For a picnic to be well organized, you should first prepare the necessary foods, including meat,bread, drinks and so on. Of course the picnic basket should also be taken into consideration. In addition, you should bring with you several disposable pieces of plastic tablecloth, which can serve as the table when spread out on the ground. If you plan to have a barbecue at the same time, you should also prepare a grill and fuel. Generally, the most desirable fuel is charcoal. It is a good fuel to use in the grill because it burns slowly and gives off great heat. You should also bring some slender pointed pieces of bamboo or iron so that small pieces of meat can be strung together for easy cooking.The material preparation above is necessary, but it is not enough. Another important thing to think about is' how to dispose available manpower for the activity properly. In other words, you should appoint different people to be the leaders in charge of different things so that when the picnic begins, they can have a good cooperation, thus making the activity smooth and pleasant.There is one more thing which you can never forget. You should always be aware of the need to protect the environment. To achieve this, you should avoid making a fire under the trees that can easily catch fire. At the same time, when the picnic comes to an end, collect the waste and throw it in the rubbish heap.
Information and My Life
As you know, information plays an important role in our modern society. Someone ~ys that ours is a society of information. I agree with him. In fact, information is expanding at an increasing rate. As a member of modern society, I am fully aware of the significance of information to my life. It affects nearly every aspect of my life. Then how to obtain and deal with information seems to be of utmost importance.As for me, the first way to obtain information is to go to library. Our library is so large that it covers a wide range of subjects. Various kinds of information can be got in it. Information about society, economy, politics and sciences will give you a fresh mind. Of course, library isn' t the only source of information. I can learn much information by other means. Even when talking with my friends I can get a lot of useful information.But information is so immense that we haven' t ample energy and time to deal deeply with' it. Moreover, some of the information might not be true. So, how to select information is also significant to me. Listen to all, trust only three tenths. To obtain accurate information and to throw off the false part of it should be our goal.Information should be made full use in my life. Right now, I try to use information mostly on my studies. When I get into society several years later, information will probably become more and more important
How to Keep Fit
A healthy body is very important to every one of us. When you are sick, you feel painful all over your body, have no energy to work; and the only thing you want to do is lying on the bed. When you are healthy, you can eat well, sleep well, sing and jump happily, do all the things you like to enjoy life.The methods to keep us fit vary. In the morning, you can get up early, go outdoors, breathe the fresh air, and do physical exercises. Running and swimming are extremely helpful to keep one fit. If you are a busy person and have no special time allocated to do these things, there are still some ways useful for to keep fit. The easiest way is to walk to your office instead of riding a bike or taking a bus. You also have to take a routine physical check - up. Your doctor will know the condition of your body most clearly, and he will give you the most valuable advice to keep fit. You should always try to make yourself happy. If you feel happy, you can eat well, sleep well, and your body is sure to be in an excellent condition.Health is the most valuable possession a person expects in his life. Try every means to keep fit is my advice to the people who want to live a happy life in this beautiful world.
Cinema and Television
A survey has been conducted in the United Kingdom about cinema admissions and television licenses over the period 1957 to 1974. The purpose of the survey was to discover the changes of the popularity of cinema and television in this period.According to the graph, it can be seen that the trend was towards a decrease in the popularity of the cinema. There was a dramatic fall in the number of cinema admissions from 1957, when about 900 million people went, to 1959, when the attendance figure was roughly 550 million. From 1959 to 1963 the rate of decrease slowed down, the figure for the latter year being about 350 million. From this year on, there was a more gradual reduction in the popularity of the cinema, reaching a figure of about 125 million in 1974.Therefore, it can be concluded from the graph that over the period 1957 to 1974 the cinema admissions became lower and lower while the television viewing licences became higher and higher owing to the advantages of watching television at home than going out to the cinema though it does not show directly in the graph.
Good manners are very important in the communication of daily life. Everyone likes a person with good manners. But what are good manners? How does one know what should do and what should not do when trying to be a good - mannered person?Well, here are some common examples. A person with good manners never laughs at a people in trouble. Instead, he (she) always tries to consult or offer help to the person. When he (she) takes a bus and sees an old man or a sick man, he (she) always gives his (her) seat to him. He doesn't interrupt other people when they are talking. He uses a handkerchief when he sneezes or coughs. He does not spite in public places.Ideas of what are good manners are not always the same in different regions. For example, people in Western countries usually kiss each other to show their greetings, whereas in China, kissing in public is something of unusual and sometimes be regarded as impolite to somebody else. So it is important to know what is regarded as polite and impolite before you go to a region. But remember that it is always right to be kind and helpful to others.
Reading plays a very important part in human life. Every day we get in touch with reading something. We have a lot of things to read in our lives, such as books, magazines, newspapers, and even adver, tisement papers distributed everywhere. Through reading we can get a lot of useful information, for example, the latest news of our country and the world.Nevertheless, people's interests in reading vary considerably. Some people like reading novels. Some people like reading essays. Some other people may prefer reading magazines or newspapers.Here,what I want to emphasize is that no matter what you are interested in, you should read ektensively.I have my reasons for it. First, we are living in a society full of information. We should make ourselves well- informed in order to keep up with the steps of our society. Reading extensively is an efficient method of acquiring information. Second, we need many kinds of skills in our lives. Reading extensively can help us learn those skills so that we can live more comfortably in the world. The more extensively you read, the more skills you can get. Third, we have a lot of decisions to make each day. Sometimes, we may feel difficult to make a correct decision. Reading extensively can help you understand the world you live in, and therefore, help you to make a clever decision in a difficult situation. Fourth, reading extensively can help you enlarge the range of your knowledge so that you can communicate with others more freely. You will find something to say when you talk with your friends no matter what topic you are talking about.There are some other advantages of reading extensively. Because of the significance of extensive reading, you should begin to do so immediately. If you have determined to read extensively from now on, you are sure to be able to find a lot of books you are interested in, and the time to read them. Your life will become much more meaningful and substantial than before.
Today's Luxuries Are Tomorrow's Necessities
By "luxury", we mean "a pleasant and often expensive thing that is not necessary". From a historical point of view, things which Were a luxury when they first came into being all became necessities later. When the electric bulb was first invented in the U.S., it was such a luxury that only government bodies could afford to use it. Nowadays, however, it has reached every part of the world. It is the same case with telephone, TV, and a lot of others, which were all luxuries years ago.Anything, no matter how luxurious it is, will become a necessity when it is widely used. This is true of many of the present luxuries, including mobile phones, cars, computers and many other things. It is known to all that the purpose of the development of science is to make things easy for the mankind, not for only a small number of people. Therefore, the first thing to do after a new invention occurs is to spread it so as to benefit as many people as possible. In the course of the spread, the luxury becomes decreasingly luxurious until in the end it becomes a necessity. This is an objective law, nothing can be an exception.With the quick development of science and technology, the process for many things to become a necessity from a luxury will be greatly shortened. Anything that can be imagined will be invented and in no time becomes a necessity accessible to ordinary people.
Modesty is one of the many qualities that cross - century young people should possess. It makes you foresee your imperfections. It gives you the impetus to go forward. Most important of all, it makes you accessible and creates favorable conditions for you in interpersonal contacts.However, many young people do not seem to realize the importance of modesty. Some of them just feel satisfied with a little success, without the slightest desire to make further progress. Others have too high an opinion of themselves, totally ignoring other people' s suggestions and advice. Consequently, their immodesty often drives them up against the wall. Worst of all, immodesty takes many young people away from their colleagues and friends. Therefore they find fewer people with whom they can confide.For you to be modest, the first thing to do is to have a full understanding of your deficiencies. No matter who you are and no matter how talented you are, you are unlikely to be all - powerful. In fact, you will always, in spite of your talents, find things about which you feel helpless. Besides, you should also admit other people's strong points and try your best to learn from them. If you keep these two points in mind, you are on the right path to developing modesty.
The Importance of Physical Exercise
Everyone hopes to live happily in the world. Physical exercise is indispensable to a happy life. There is a famous saying: "Life lies on exercise." Although you will not necessarily die without regular physical exercises, they' II certainly help you live longer and more healthily.Exercise is good for us to build our bodies. It helps co - ordinate the different parts of our bodies when we have sports. For example, we must try our best to co - ordinate the movements of the arms and legs when we play basketball, or we won't be able to shoot the basket. Exercise also benefits our organs. It lets the heart beat faster than usual, and then helps enlarge the blood vessels to protect us from heart attacks.Exercise can also contribute to the development of our ability to response agilely. For instance, when you play table- tennis, you must try to reflect as quickly as you can so that you may fight back at the right position at the fight moment.Exercise can also contribute to improving our mood. When you do exercise, you move a lot, and you have to be more active. It helps you become more optimistic.Exercise will fill your life with various contents and make it more colorful.What's more, exercise will help you get rid of your inertia. If you keep doing exercise regularly, you will never be a lazy person. Therefore, exercise has great effect on one's character.In a word, exercise is helpful, important and absolutely necessary.
In recent years, the air- conditioner has become one of the many indispensable electrical appliances for thousands upon thousands of families, especially those in the south, where the intense heat overwhelms the earth throughout the summer. The advantages of the air- conditioner are self - evident. Armed with the ability to refrigerate, the air- conditioner makes you feel refreshing and comfortable no matter how hot it is outside. Thus it guarantees the efficiency of your work and the quality of your rest. Without it there would be no knowing what would happen to you in the dog days. Moreover, it can also create a proper condition in summer for the operation of computers -- the best friends of yours in the information age. Too high a temperature would make computers work improperly, causing much inconvenience for your daily life and work.With all the advantages the air- conditioner offers, its disadvantages are also obvious. To begin with, the installment of the air - conditioner always involves the hole making in the wall, which undoubtedly makes the wall less pleasing to the eye than if not. Besides, the air- conditioned environment may make you more and more dependent on the air - conditioner, thus physically weakening your ability to cope with hot weather. Most important, the air - conditioned environment provides poor ventilation, and sometimes may even give rise to a strange kind of smell, which makes you feel dizzy and sick. Consequently, you will be in no mood for enjoying the cool air produced by the air- conditioner.All things considered, I think its advantages outweigh its disadvantages. Actually, nothing in the world is perfect. It is unwise to make light of the favorable aspects of a thing on account of its unfavorable aspects. The same is true of the attitude you take towards the air - conditioner.
Reading- The Best Means to Acquire knowledge
Knowledge may be acquired through many ways. One way of getting knowledge is from traveling Another way is by conversation, especially one with a great man. A person may also become knowledgeable through other ways such as listening to the radio or watching television. The best way to acquire knowledge, however, is through reading.Reading as a means of obtaining knowledge has a number of advantages over many other ways. To begin with, it is the most consistent way of getting knowledge. One can read regularly but few people can travel in the same way. Secondly, reading can ensure a thorough grasp of what you are interested in. This is hardly so when one is listening to the radio or watching TV. Finally, reading is the most flexible of all the ways to obtain knowledge. For example, one can always read for ten minutes before going to bed, but it is not always possible for him to converse with others at such a late hour.However, there exists one problem about reading. There are all kinds of Books in society. Some are good, while others are bad. 'Good books are beneficial to our .soul while bad ones are harmful to our mind. Therefore, it is of great irnportance for the reader to separate good plants from wild weeds. We should read good books and reject harmful ones.
Unemployment is viewed as the number one problem in China now and the government has launched a major attack on the problem.The steps the government has taken to deal with unemployment are' as follows. Firstly, unemployment fund has been established to help the unemployed workers to support themselves. Secondly, the unemployed receive vocational training, which is expected to pay off in the short term and give the unemployed an advantage in the job market. It is due to the lack of professional skills that these workers have lagged behind in the society. These training programs aim to equip the workers with some special skills, such as typing, sewing, and cooking. Finally, psychological advice is also available, since unemployment, apart from exerting financial pressures, brings enormous psychological discomfort. With the advice, the unemployed will learn how to adapt to the fierce competition in the technological age.With the joint efforts of the government and the society, we are optimistic that we can win the current war on unemployment.
Value of Knowledge
In the Information Age, public awareness of the value of knowledge critically affects the economic growth of a nation. The schematic diagram clearly shows how the value of knowledge evolved in China in the past 50 years.The schematic diagram mainly consists of three parts. From 1950 to 1966, the curve was roughly a straight line slightly above zero, showing that China was a poorly-educated nation then. In 1966, the curve drastically dropped below zero, moving down hopelessly in the next 11 years. This periodcoincided with the "Culture Revolution". Our society went mad then, books were burned,schools were closed and all kinds of academic activities were banned. Knowledge inflicted its masters nothing but disasters. Life was a nightmare for Chinese intellectuals, including famous scholars as well as common people who received higher education or whose profession had anything to do with knowledge. It was a time when ignorance was a virtue and knowledge was a crime. People tried desperately to be away from knowledge. As a result, China lagged farther behind the rapid progressing world. This was the darkest time in the history of New China. The curve returned to its original non-zero position around 1978 and moved up but slowly. From 1984 on, it has been shooting up. The open-up policy encourages people to study and to channel their knowledge to the market economy. Millions of Chinese are bettering off by means of their knowledge and more Chinese enjoy the fruits of knowledge and say goodbye for good to poverty that haunted them for generations.As our world is rapidly advancing towards the Information Age, increasing number of people realize that knowledge is power and creativity is everything. Only when China becomes a better educated nation, can China be a great nation with international prestige.
Annual Expenses on Learning English
It is well known that English learning is fairly important to the student, but also it is a money hunter. The Graph of Annual Expenses aims to show us the fact that daily study has constituted a yearly large sum of money. That is, students are, day by day, challenging the knowledge from a sea of reference hooks, cassette tapes, CDs and even VCD.Buying books is always the biggest sum of a student's expense, which has ranged from 10 to 60 RMB yuan during the latest decades. What' s more evident, it can be found in 1999 that VCD is beneficial for students to better their English. Perhaps VCD may help students to improve listening comprehension. Therefore, they have spent 50 RMB yuan to buy VCD.No one can deny the fact that CDs have something to do with learning English. In most situations, they are helpful to improve our understanding of foreign cultures, which are often considered difficult and tedious for students to learn form the textbooks. Compared with this, listening tapes is rather boring, so in 1999 a student spent less than 20 RMB yuan to buy tapes.However, much money does not mean obtaining a better acquisition of a foreign language. In a long run, I am determined to make full use of available tools to master English, and try to make all the books, CDs, VCDs well - worth their expenses.
Dietary Changes and Health Care
As is shown in the graph, China's food distribution has taken great changes from 1960's to 1990's Acocrding to this statistics of cereals, vegetable, meat, and fruits, the number of those who eat rice, flour or vegetable has greatly decreased in the past four decades. In contrast of this the number of those who eat oil or meat has sharply increased. From such dietary changes, we can perceive the rapid improvement of our people' s living standard.Why does this improvement occur? The direct reason is the fact that the Chinese people have attached much importance to their health care. Nationally, China's economic growth is booming, and more people are getting richer. Individually, everyone's consumption of food is increasingly varied. In particular, most of people are reluctant to eat much vegetable, but much meat and oil in their diets.In my view, the changes of China's dietary distribution seem to be both positive and negative. The positive aspect is that China' s economical growth has given rise to the higher level of dietary standard, with most of people living rich and happy. But the negative aspect is that, I'm afraid, less eating vegetable will lead to poorer health, such as lacking vitamin nutrients in one's body. Therefore, we think it necessary for the Chinese to be aware of the balanced diets: Both vegetable and meat, which may gain us healthier bodies in the new century.
第一步，就是要采用四段式来写作文，第一段说明宗旨，二、三段分辨叙述，最后一段再进行总结。每一段的起始句很主要，建议第一段的起始句采用长句的情势，而后面的段落的起始句用一些特定的显示层次的词和词组来润饰也很主要。如“first,second,third""first of all ,secondly,in the final analysis"等等，这样能使段与段之间的接洽更加紧密。对于进行详细论述的二、三段，建议每一段举上一两个实例，以避免给阅卷者言之无物的印象。另外，二三段的每一段的结尾应当对该段的中心思想再进行一个扼要的概括，分辨用一个句子即可，这样做的利益就是使阅卷者对你文章的条理性有一个更深入的认识。最后一段照顾第一段，再进行一个大意上的概括，当然，应当用另外一种语句，并在中心思想的基本上做必定的拓展。
The impacts of China's entry into the world trade organization
After years of bitter struggles and numerous negations, China, the economy of which is one of the world's biggest ,eventually became a formal member of the world trade organization--the largest organization that coordinates trade and business operations among its member states. As a matter of course, China's entry into the TWO brought with it challenges as well as opportunities.
First of all, China is to enjoy the benefits that the organization provides us. Lower tariffs and tax rates and fewer trade barriers will facilitate our swift and efficient imports and exports and other trade activities. According to the trade clauses of the WTO, the European union shall cut down the tax rates it imposes on our exported textile products, thus availing the arts-and-crafts companies in our country to extract more profits from the business. In a sense ,the WTO means opportunity, and it sets the stage for our business to cut a brilliant figure in the international economic circles.
Secondly, China's national economy is set to be faced with fierce competition from the outside world. WTO pursues a relatively equal and free business environment for all its members, which poses a major challenge for our economy.. Such monopolous business sectors used to enjoy protections from governments of all levels as telecommunications and banking will find themselves no longer be in a "safe box". They have to adjust or replace their current operative and marketing strategies to cope with the "outdooors" shrewd and talented completers, or they will suffer big losses and tough time is awaiting them. We should brace for the challenges so as to take the initiative when competition is close at hand.
In the final analysis, abundant opportunities and stiff challenges goes hand in hand with each other along with China's entry in the WTO.. We should make good use of the chances and meanwhile suitably deal with the outside competition, All our efforts are to upgrade our business scales and get more integrated into the international business community.